Graphites have been in use in the early days as components of pencils, batteries and steel. Naturally occurring in metamorphic rocks, graphite has been one of the most widely used minerals today. Recently, scientists have discovered that single sheet graphites, called Graphene have the greatest potential than any other element in the world, earning Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010 for their experiments and discoveries on this element.

Research found out that Graphene is stronger than diamond or steel and is the most conductive element in the world, better than copper. A million times thinner than paper, Graphene has so much potential that it is involved in technological research in making microchips more compact, making it faster and more energy efficient. Solar panels of the future may include Graphene for its conductive properties. Because of its transparency, it is also included in studies of smart coatings. Probably the most important property of Graphene is that no element – except water can pass through it, making it one of the best water filters in the world.

A recent study from Trinity College in Dublin discovered that dumping Graphite powder in a blender can create Graphene sheets at greater quantities than before. Commercial applications are still growing for this wonder element, as it can resolve numerous flaws of synthetic materials.

Read more about this on the Sydney Morning Herald website.